minewar.org documenting the 1930's Illinois Mine War


Bibliography & Source Material

– books –

Irving Bernstein, The Lean Years: A History of the American Worker, 1920-1933 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1960)

John Brophy, ed. John O. P. Hall, A Miner’s Life, An Autobiography, (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1964)

Staphane Elise Booth, “Ladies In White: Female Activism in the Southern Illinois Coalfields, 1932-1938” in The United Mine Workers of America: A Model of Industrial Solidarity?, ed. by John Laslett, (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996)

Stephane Elise Booth, The Relationship Between Radicalism and Ethnicity in Southern Illinois Coal Fields 1870-1940 (Normal, Illinois State University, 1983), Doctoral Dissertation

James P. Cannon, et al, Dog Days: James P. Cannon vs. Max Shachtman in the Communist League of America, 1931-1933 (Spartacist Pub Co; 2002)

Cletus E. Daniel, The ACLU And The Wagner Act: An Inquiry Into The Depression-Era Crisis of American Liberalism (New York State School of Industrial & Labor Relations, Cornell University; 1980)

Keith Dix, “Mechanization, Workplace Control, and the End of the Hand-Loading Era” in The United Mine Workers of America: A Model of Industrial Solidarity?, ed. John Laslett (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996)

Keith Dix, What’s A Coal Miner To Do? The Mechanization of Coal Mining (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988)

Melvyn Dubofsky and Warren Van Tine, John L. Lewis: A Biography (Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co., 1977)

Maier B. Fox, United We Stand: The United Mine Workers of America 1890-1990 (United Mine Workers of America, 1990)

Harriet Hudson, The Progressive Mine Workers of America: A Study in Rival Unionism (Urbana, University of Illinois, 1952), Doctoral Thesis

John M. Laslett ed., The United Mine Workers of America, A Model of Industrial Solidarity? (Penn State University Press, 1996)

Carl D. Oblinger, Divided Kingdom: Work, Community, and the Mining Wars in the Central Illinois Coal Fields During the Great Depression (Springfield, Illinois, 1991)

Alan Singer, “‘Something of a Man’: John L. Lewis, the UMWA, and the CIO, 1919- 1943” in The United Mine Workers of America: A Model of Industrial Solidarity?, ed. John Laslett (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996)

David Thoreau Wieck, Woman from Spillertown: A Memoir of Agnes Burns Wieck, (Carbondale, IL Southern Illinois University Press 1991)

Edmund Wilson, “Illinois Household”, The American Earthquake: A Documentary of the Twenties and Thirties (Garden City: Doubleday, 1957)

Dallas Young, The Progressive Miners of America, 1932-1940 (Urbana, University of Illinois, 1940), Doctoral Thesis

– articles –

“Coal Diggers Wives”, New Republic (December 28, 1932):176

editorial, The Nation (August 24, 1932):155

editorial, The Nation (May 2, 1934): 491

editorial, The Nation (March 28, 1934): 343

editorial , “The Illinois Miners’ Revolt”, New Republic 72 (September 7, 1932):87

Louis Adamic, “The Illinois Miners War Goes On”, The Nation, (March 27, 1935): 234

Stephane Elise Booth, “Gerry Allard: Miners’ Advocate” Proceedings, Second Annual Illinois History Symposium. Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, 1982. Pp. 86-94.

Marquis W. Childs, “The Illinois Mine Battle”, New Republic (September 14, 1932):121, 123

Victor Hicken, “Mine Union Radicalism in Macoupin and Montgomery Counties”, Western Illinois Regional Studies 3 (Fall 1980):173-191

John Keiser, “The Union Miners Cemetery”, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 62 (Autumn 1969) 229-266 (reprinted by Illinois Labor History Society, 1980)

John M. Laslett, “Swan Song or New Social Movement? Socialism and District 12, United Mine Workers of America, 1919-1926” in Socialism in the Heartland: The Midwestern Experience, ed. Donald T. Critchlow (University of Notre Dame Press, 1986)

Edward Levinson, “The CIO In Crisis”, The Nation (July 2, 1938): 11

Caroline Waldron Merithew, “‘Sister Katie: The Memory and Making of a 1.5 Generation Working-Class Transnational”, Journal of Women’s History, Vol. 21 No. 4, 84-110.

Caroline Waldron Merithew, “‘We’re Not Ladies’ Gender, Class, and a Women’s Auxiliary Battle For MIning Unionism”, Journal of Women’s History, Vol.  18 No. 2, 63-94.

James Mitchell, “Illinois Miners Work For Unity”, The Nation (November 20, 1935): 592

James G. Pope, “The Western Pennsylvania Coal Strike of 1933, Parts I (Lawmaking from Below and the Revival of the United Mine Workers)” & “II (Lawmaking from Above and the Demise of Democracy in the United Mine Workers)”, 44 Labor History 15-47, 235-64 (2003)

Tom Tippett, “The Miners Fight Their Leaders”, American Mercury (June 1934) :131

Mary Heaton Vorse, “Illinois Miners”, Scribners Magazine (March, 1933) p. 169

Edward Wieck, “Bloody Williamson County”, The Nation 116, (3 January 1923): 11

Agnes Burns Wieck, “Ku Kluxing in Miners’ Country”, New Republic 38 (26 March 1924): 122

Agnes Burns Wieck, “10,000 Miners’ Wives”, The Nation 38 (March 1, 1933): 234

Agnes Burns Wieck, “Was This Telegram Answered?”, The Nation 39 (November 8, 1933):540

Edmund Wilson, “Illinois Miners: II. Gerry Allard” New Republic (June 14, 1933)

Edmund Wilson, “The Battle of Mulkeytown”, New Republic 75 (June 14, 1933) 12.

Dallas Young, “The Progressive Miners of America”, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 40 (Summer 1947) 313-330

James Mitchell , “Illinois Miners Work For Unity”, The Nation (November 20, 1935): 592

also see New York Times, December 17, 1939 and December 14, 1939

also see St. Louis Star-Times, May 25, 1937, “Sit Down Strike Continues”

also extensive coverage of Illinois Mine War in Decatur Herald-Review , St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Illinois State Journal, Illinois State Register and The Progressive Miner (PMA union journal)

– internet –

The University of Illinois at Springfield maintains an extensive archive of oral histories. The collection includes the memoirs of a number of participants of the 1930’s Illinois mine war. Much of the collection is available online at http://library.uis.edu/archives/collections/oral/projects.html.

FBI Records – – John L. Lewis along with three other mine officials, were investigated on charges of violating Section 51 of Title 18 of the United States Code. Between 1937-1941 they were accused of conspiring to oppress members of the Progressive Miners of America employed at Mine “B” in Springfield, IL, from exercising their rights secured to them by the National Labor Relations Act. – Available online at http://foia.fbi.gov/lewis.htm

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